"He just started shooting at the table and the laptop. It's a miracle I did not get shot." In 2013 a militiaman fired at Rania Khalid, co-founder of the International Organization for Libyan Women, for listening to music in her garden. Refusing to sit back while her rights were unenforced by the justice system, Rania attended a workshop for civil society organizations (CSOs) about the Libyan justice sector, organized through IREX’s Justice & Dignity for the Middle East & North Africa’s Advocate for Libya program.
In the 1990s, James Giffen helped parcel off stakes in the Tengiz oil fields in Western Kazakhstan. Giffen was arrested in 2003 for channeling bribes to Kazakhstani officials. Grand corruption – abuses of power for personal gain at the highest levels – is all too common. Through transparent practices and targeted services, the BOTA Foundation helped Kazakhstani citizens regain trust in their institutions and send a message to future perpetrators of corruption that they will be held accountable.